The State of Vatican City is the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church. It is the world's smallest independent ' country ' with a population of about Country Calling Code : +. TL;DR: Because that is how the Italian government handled the separation of church and state. Roman Question The conflict between Vittorio Emmanuele II and. Vatican City is the smallest country in the world. Encircled by a 2-mile border with Italy, Vatican City is an independent city-state that covers just. They feature some spielautomaten tricks app the world's most famous paintings and sculptures. Disputes between a series of "prisoner" popes and Italy were resolved in by three Lateran Treaties, which established the independent state of Vatican City and granted Roman Catholicism special status in Italy. Judicial functions are delegated to a supreme court, an appellate court, a tribunal Tribunal of Vatican City Stateand a trial judge. Most of the content of this appendix consists of routine executive decrees, such as approval for a new set of postage stamps. This followed the charging of two senior clerics including a monsignor with money laundering offences. The Vatican Gardens ".